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Producătorul auto român Dacia a anunţat că intenţionează să introducă o ediţie specială a modelului Duster în Belgia, numit ‘Adventure Edition’, transmite site-ul inautonews.com.

Dacia Duster a avut succes în ultimii ani şi a fost concepută pentru a îmbunătăţi imaginea Dacia, dar există zvonuri că la Salonul Auto de la Geneva va fi prezentată o versiune îmbunătăţită a modelului Duster şi de aceea compania vrea să vândă urgent cât mai multe unităţi. De aceea probabil a fost lansată ‘Dacia Duster Adventure Edition’ care va fi iniţial introdusă în Belgia.

Dacia a anunţat că la început modelul va fi disponibil numai la Dacia Cherry Club şi-i vor fi adăugate câteva caracteristici interesante. Detaliile privind preţul modelului vor fi anunţate în curând.

Modelul Dacia Duster a fost lansat în martie 2010 la Salonul Auto de la Geneva, iar raportul calitate/preţ/prestaţii i-a adus numeroase premii acordate de profesionişti ai domeniului auto.

De altfel, modelul a fost ales ‘Maşina Anului 2011′ în România şi Croaţia, a obţinut trofeele ‘SUV-ul Anului 2011′ în România, ‘Autobest 2011′, ‘Cel mai 4×4 al anului 2012′ în Franţa, ‘Argus’ (la categoria vehicule de familie) în Franţa, precum şi titlul de ‘Campion la Valoarea Reziduală 2011′ în Germania.

În decursul celor aproape trei ani de carieră comercială, 95% din producţia modelului a fost exportată, cu precădere în ţările Europei Occidentale, a anunţat recent Dacia Group.

Cel mai vândut model la export, anul trecut, a fost Dacia Duster, cu 135.189 unităţi, urmat de Sandero (71.925), Logan (48.250) şi Logan MCV (34.929).

Sursa: Financiarul

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Dacia, cel mai mare producător de autoturisme din România şi unul dintre cele mai cunoscute branduri locale peste hotare, a decis să intre pe piaţa producţiei de energie electrică printr-un proiect de panouri fotovoltaice care ar urma să fie instalat pe acoperişul uzinei de la Mioveni.

Şi alte companii analizează astfel de proiecte pe acoperişul unităţilor pe care le au în portofoliu, un astfel de exemplu fiind magazinul IKEA din Băneasa. Între timp, pentru firme precum Selgros acoperişurile deja au început să facă bani din energia solară.

Proiectul Dacia din România vine la scurt timp după ce grupul Renault, proprietarul producătorului auto local, a “plantat” 40 de hectare cu panouri fotovoltaice în toate cele şase unităţi de producţie din Franţa, acesta fiind cel mai mare sistem de acest gen făcut de vreun jucător din industria auto.

Chiar din momentul în care grupul a finalizat investiţia de circa 60 de MW, echivalentul a 80-90 de milioane de euro, Renault a anunţat că au fost demarate studii de fezabilitate pentru proiecte solare în Slovenia, Maroc, Brazilia, Columbia, Chile şi România.

“Confirmăm că există un proiect de parc fotovoltaic la Dacia. Mai multe amănunte veţi putea afla la momentul oportun”, au declarat reprezentanţii direcţiei de comunicare a Dacia.

Autori: Roxana Petrescu Bogdan Alecu

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Petrom si Repsol vor explora perimetre la mare adancime. Investitii de 50 mil. euro

OMV Petrom (SNP) va explora impreuna cu grupul spaniol Repsol patru perimetre onshore situate in sudul Carpatilor Meridionali si al Carpatilor de Curbura, in baza unui contract incheiat vineri, parteneriatul vizand investitii estimate la 50 milioane euro in urmatorii doi ani.

“OMV Petrom (…) semneaza azi cu Repsol un contract de farm-out (de transfer al drepturilor derivate din acordurile de concesiune petroliera, n.r.) prin care Repsol achizitioneaza o participatie de 49% pentru zona cu adancime mai mare de 2.500 – 3.000 de metri a perimetrelor onshore de explorare Baicoi V, Targoviste VI, Pitesti XII si Targu Jiu XIII, localizate in sudul Carpatilor de Curbura si respectiv al Carpatilor Meridionali”, se arata intr-un comunicat al companiei din grupul austriac OMV.

“Acest parteneriat cu Repsol, o companie petroliera lider cu experienta in explorarea ariilor de mare adancime cu structuri complexe, este un pas important pentru evaluarea potentialului de hidrocarburi al celor patru perimetre. Totodata, parteneriatele cu companii petroliere de talie mondiala contribuie la dinamizarea sectorului romanesc de La randul lui, Luis Cabra, Executive Vice President pentru Explorare si Productie la Repsol, a declarat ca parteneriatul cu OMV Petrom se inscrie in strategia companiei de extindere a activitatilor de explorare in Europa si ca Romania are ina cest domeniu “un potential deosebit”.

Activitatile OMV Petrom in regiunea respectiva vizeaza atat explorarea cat si productia.

“Dupa privatizare, OMV Petrom a derulat un program intens de seismica 3D in zona, in urma caruia a fost raportata descoperirea de gaze de la Totea (partea de sud-vest a Romaniei). OMV Petrom si Repsol vor evalua impreuna datele obtinute in cadrul programului de seismica deja derulat pentru a determina oportunitatile de foraj de explorare. Se estimeaza ca, in urmatorii doi ani, parteneriatul OMV Petrom-Repsol va investi aproximativ 50 de milioane de euro pentru forajul de explorare”, se mai arata in comunicat.

Parteneriatul cu Repsol este cel de-al treilea incheiat de OMV Petrom, dupa acordurile semnate cu ExxonMobil, in 2008, si cu Hunt Oil, in 2010.

Grupul OMV are parteneriate de explorare si/sau productie incheiate cu grupul Repsol in Libia si Bulgaria.

Repsol este o companie integrata de titei si gaze, prezenta in peste 30 de tari, cu peste 23.000 de angajati. Compania este specializata in explorarea offshore la mare adancime, generand unele dintre cele mai mari decoperiri recente la nivel mondial.

Producatorul de titei, gaze naturale si electricitate Petrom este detinut in proportie de 51% de grupul austriac OMV, restul titlurilor fiind controlate de Ministerul Economiei (20,6%), Fondul Proprietatea si alti actionari. Titlurile companiei sunt listate la BVB.

Anul trecut, Petrom a inregistrat un profit record, de 3,946 miliarde lei (885,5 milioane euro), in crestere cu 5%, iar vanzarile au urcat cu 16%, la un nou maxim, de 26,258 miliarde lei (5,892 miliarde euro), in principal datorita evolutiei pozitive a preturilor produselor petroliere, desi cantitatile comercializate au fost mai mici.

Sursa: Wall Street

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Forajul în puţul petrolier Bee Eater a confirmat potenţialul perimetrului pe care compania African Petroleum, controlată de Frank Timiş, îl are concesionat de la Guvernul Liberiei.

Frank Timis, la sarbatorirea incheierii contractului
Frank Timis, la sarbatorirea incheierii contractului
Foto: franktimis.com

African Petroleum Coroporation (APC), o companie controlată de omul de afaceri de origine română Frank Timiş, a descoperit un zăcământ de ţiţei în puţul Bee Eater din largul coastelor Liberiei, în zona de vest a Africii. Potrivit directorului APC, Karl Thomson, descoperirea certifică potenţialul enorm a perimetrului Narina 1, mai ales că zăcământul a fost descoperit la o adâncime relativ mică – 4.000 de metri, ceea ce face facilă exploatarea petrolului. Resursele potenţiale de ţiţei din Bee Eater sunt, acum, estimate în jurul a 2,4 miliarde barili.

Forajul a durat 48 de zile din care 21 reprezintă perioada în care utilajul de săpat nu a funcţionat pentru că a avut o defecţiune. Din acest motiv, al doilea puţ nu a mai putut fi forat pentru că perioada de închiriere a platformei care făcea săpăturile expirase. Totuşi, Thomson afirmă că o nouă platformă va fi angajată pentru a săpa un al doilea puţ pentru a certifica că descoperirea este una de amploare.

Pe parcusul acestui an, African Petroleum va începe forajul şi în apele Gambiei, Coastei de Fildeş şi Senegalului unde, deasemenea, are concesionate perimetre petroliere.
„Suntem în discuţii şi cu alte mari companii petroliere din lume în vederea încheierii unui parteneriat privind explorarea perimetrelor petroliere în Coasta de Fileş, Liberia, Gambia şi Senegal. Estimăm că vom încheia cel puţin un parteneriat în primul trimestru al acestui an ceea ce ne va oferi lichidităţile necesare pentru continuarea programului de foraj în 2013 şi 2014” , a precizat directorul companiei.

Un raport intern al companiei din 31 octombrie 2012 arăta că societatea la care Timiş este acţionar avea 170 de milioane de   | ECONOMICA.net

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The Romanian Sphinx, Bucegi Mountains, RomaniaThe Bucegi Mountains are located in central Romania, south of the city Brasov and they are part of the Southern Carpathians group of the Carpathian Mountains.To the east, the Bucegi Mountains have a very steep slope towards the popular tourist destination Prahova Valley . At a higher elevation is the Bucegi Plateau, where wind and rain have turned the rocks into spectacular figures such as the Sphinx and Babele.The Bucegi is believed to be the Dacian holy mountain Kogainon, on which the God Zalmoxis resided in a cave.The legendary Sphinx of the Bucegi Mountains  is a rock shaped by wind and other natural phenomenon as man’s head.It is considered to represent a spiritually powerful place and a symbol of the spirit of the Dacians, ancestors of the Romanian people.

A Sphinx is a mythological figure, resembling a lion with a human head. The Sphinx in the Bucegi Mountains formed through aeolian erosion, over a long period of time. The first picture of this megalith dates back to 1900, but only in 1935 professor Alexandru Badaută called it a sphinx.The rocks from which the Sphinx is made formed during The Cretaceous, about 90-96 millions of years ago, and the erosion process took place after the Bucegi Mountains started to raise, about 10.000 years ago. Situated at an altitude of 2.216 meters, the easiest way to get there is by a 15 minutes ride with the gondola lift.Many theories have weaved around the origin of the Sphinx. Some say that it is man made, others that they send out positive energy. Despite these theories, geologists say without a shadow of a doubt that the Sphinx was created due to wind and water erosion and through its shape it resembles an artistic sculpture.

descărcare

Sources: Cristi Moise

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If you don’t know much about geology (or even if you do), the images featured below remind more of the works of Brâncuşi… And if you try to find a definition of what they are online, you cannot really manage without guidance. These are “trovants” – or concretions – a volume of sedimentary rock in which a mineral cement fills the porosity (i.e. the spaces between the sediment grains). As you expected they are rather rare formations, and you’ll only find them in remote locations, like the Bowling Balls Beach (Mendocino County, California); Jameson Land, East Greenland; Costesti, Romania; and a few other places… but we like to focus on Romanian territory here.

Trovant in Costesti, in the Valcea region of Romania.

In Romania, you can find these spectacular stone formations in a place called Rezervaţia Naturală Muzeul Trovanţilor – in English Trovanti Museum Natural Reserve. The reserve is situated in Costeşti, Vâlcea (not far from Horezu and the National Road 67). The reason this is not already more popular is its relative young age – the reserve was only opened in 2005, under the careful administration of the Kogayon Association. The association itself is young as well, founded only in 2003, at the initiative and with the resources of a group of students from the Faculties of Geology and Geophysics within the University of Bucharest.

Trovanti Museum Natural Reserve

For many travelers, the oddly-shaped stones that spread all over the place look signify as many photographic opportunities. Tourists are not afraid of the local legends, that say that the stones bring bad luck, and even those who do believe in evil, witches and curses still come along to experience the scenery first hand. The local peasants call them ‘Stones that grow’ for a good reason: they were not brought here from a different location. They were formed some million years ago, in the Upper Miocene. And the stones continue to grow at rainfall…

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Sources: Rounite
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Rezervatia Gradina Zmeilor Rezervatia Gradina Zmeilor Rezervatia Gradina Zmeilor Rezervatia Gradina ZmeilorRezervatia Gradina Zmeilor Rezervatia Gradina Zmeilor Rezervatia Gradina Zmeilor Rezervatia Gradina Zmeilor

Galgau Almasului, Judetul Salaj

Zmeilor garden is a particularly spectacular natural phenomenon, unique in Europe, considered by specialists. Reservation contained in an old tourist guide as “Garden Zmeilor. Locals call it “Girl Catanii. Is situated in Mount Meses, massive forming part of the Western Carpathians, near the town gurgling Almas, county Salaj.Reprezinta a geological reserve consists of many huge rocks, placed in a high clutter (buildings, towers, poles, mushrooms , rocks and animal forms). Spectacular forms of these formations can be explained by sliding layers of conglomerates and sandstones. Water had a significant role in shaping these rocks.Due to landslides natural forms of these elements may change from year to year. Most impressive are two prismatic rocks suggestively named “Zmeu” and “Zmeoaica. Other stone blocks were suggestively named “Santa”, “Eve” and “Dorobantu. Formations here were born by separation of blocks or sections of the massive sandstones are Inchieturi hill (376 m) and slip clays their purple at the base, to wire back hair. Subsequently, erosion and wind and rain denudatie, formed the most bizarre columns, buttresses, bridges, mushrooms, etc..some with heights of over 10-12 m (Suraru, 1967). Overall, they form a cluster chaotic strange that in every point where we look at other images depict the other, the most strange and surprising. “Garden Zmeilor” occupies an area of five hectares, the first formations to the slope. About Garden Zmeilor there is a rock legend called “Catanii girl” who turned into stone sheepfold to curse his mother. A column of the formations look like a virgin with a cofita the shoulder. Currently, “Girl Catanii” no longer exists. It collapsed in the floods of 1973.Rock looks like a girl who was a soldier from her and seemed to have a basket on his shoulder. Is a particularly spectacular natural phenomenon and is situated in Mount Meses, massive forming part of the Western Carpathians. It is located near the town of Salaj Almas gurgling. Here can be reached by train halt until the line pa lime Dej - Jibou - Baia Mare, then another 4 km to the south.

Rezervatia Gradina Zmeilor Galgau Almasului
Sources: Hello Romania
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The Living Fires of Lopătari, Buzău are among the most mysterious, and unusual, phenomena you may find in nature, on a hiking path, within your reach. That’s if you know where to look. Romania was blessed with a few such miracles, places that could become its landmark tourist attractions, yet few is known about them. Today, we’ll take a look at one of those attractions, that, at the time I left Romania, was neglected by the authorities, and was known only by locals and a few enthusiastic mountaineers. Things have changed in the past ten years, with news of a future Geo-park “Land of Buzău” emerging in the media, but the development may take years to complete.

Living Fire of Lopatari

56 km from the city of Buzău, the county seat of Buzău County in the historical region of Wallachia, you’ll find the commune Lopătari. In one of the villages of this commune, Terca, there are the Living Fires (in Romanian: Focurile Vii) – a natural phenomenon, unique in Europe, but not unique to Romania. You’ll find a similar one, considered even more spectacular by some travelers, at Andreiaşu, a commune in Vrancea County, in the historical region of Moldovia, north of Buzău; and one in Reghiu commune, Vrancea, in the village of Răiuţi – only 8.5 km north of Andreiaşu.

The Living Fires of Andreiaşu.

Although the Living Fires of Andreiaşu (image above) occupy the most extensive area (400 m²), the Living Fires of Buzău are more popular with tourists, as they are situated close to other interesting natural attractions in the county, including: the Muddy volcanoes, the amber from Colti, the Salt from Meledic, the petroleum springs, salty springs, and so on.

Freely burning natural gas in Romania.This is a closeup of the freely burning natural gas at Terca, Lopătari. On the fire, you can even cook a meal. Image courtesy, Wikipedia Romania.

The natural emanations of gas are lit at the surface, under the rays of the sun. The fires burn at night as well, when the scenery is at its most spectacular display. At times you can see a flame rising up to 1 m into the wind above the ground.

For travelers, the fires are a natural curiosity. For the locals however, they are a source of legends, mystical beliefs, and superstition. Many local traditions have been inspired by these “eternal flames,” some no longer practiced, others still leaving their mark on local pottery, costumes and so on.

 

 

If their story has triggered your interest, then take a trip to Terca. In the summer, make sure you have enough water with you, the weather in Romania tends to get very hot, and the area around the Living Fires was not developed for tourist purposes. To understand, this is one of the signs marking the way to the Fires:

Sign to Focul Viu.A handmade sign marking the way to the Living Fires of Terca (probably by a villager, or mountaineer).

To reach the place, drive through the city of Buzău, on the route Mărăcineni–Sapoca-Manzalesti-Lopătari-Terca (the GPS coordinates are N 45.53578 E 26.54857). If you drive through Berca, it’s better to use a four-wheel-drive vehicle. In fact, it’s good to have a good car to drive from Lopătari to Terca anyway. Prepare for a hike as well: the car cannot take you to the Fires. You have to cross a handmade wooden bridge, that looks ancient and wobbly. Then the road takes you on uneven terrain up the hill, on a hike that, although not difficult, it could be pure torture after the rain (mud and all). Below, the terrain map of the area.

Note that accommodation in Terca or Lopătari is hard to find. Your best bet is to lodge in Buzău and take the trip to the Living Fires early in the morning. Alternatively, you could try to find a room in the village, but don’t expect comfort and luxury. For many foreigners, the life standard in the villages here is below the poverty line. If you like fancy sheets, warm water 24h, and a comfortable commode, this place is not for you. If you want to experience the simple joys of life, warm people, authentic cuisine, and life as it used to be years and years ago, it doesn’t get better than this. There are a few more “modern” villas in Lopătari as well, renting rooms – but don’t count on them. The Terca village, your destination, looks pretty much like this:
A random house in Terca.A random house in Terca, courtesy Wikipedia Romania.

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Sources: Rounite
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The only papyrus from Romania, discovered 53 (1959 I mean) years ago is written in old Greek. It is unique because it is whole. It dates from IV Century before Jesus. The place ? The Mangalia Resort , Statiunea balneo-climaterica Mangalia . It was transported in the Russian State of the UdSSR, in the same year for restauration and conservation . But in the summer of 2011 it was returned to the officials of The Archaeological Museum of Mangalia , Muzeul de Arheologie Callatis din Mangalia.

Callatis – the story of a city

Whether called Cerbatis or Acervatis, Callatis Pangalia, Mankalia or Mangalia, geographical position of this place always sat in the middle of history. He became the oldest known settlement in the country, while the scene of political, economic social and very important, which generated over time change of identity, without affecting the essence of place: a bit of brilliance Greek, a littlethe joy of glory, a bit of spiritual strength and a touch of deep Turkish Romanian wisdom associated with a sense of introspection. A unique rainbow sky Balkans, where each color is well individualized, but inseparable, in fact.

Callatis – the most beautiful

First settled here were Thracians, founding the settlement known as Acervatis or Cerbatis. Thracian settlements in the former, the Greeks landed here will build the city which would remain in history as the Callatis, famous for its material and spiritual prosperity, but also for famous scholars whom he sheltered from its walls.

The late fourth century BC Inteimeiata, by the people Heracleea Pontic, located on the Asian side of the Black Sea, the city was named in memory of Calesa river that surrounds land Heracleea metropolis. Predicting an oracle was the one who was in the building Callatis, the city that would become in a short time, one of the strongest in the area, but at the same time, and one of the richest.

Advantageous geographical position immediately convinced of the desirability of building on Greek settlement in this place: locked and access to a freshwater lake (now Lake Mangalia), fertile land, an advantageous military position, however confirm the vision oracle, who guided the Greeks to the ground. Unlike the other two cities, Tomis and Histria Milesian colony, mainly commercial and democratic, was the only colony Callatis Doriana, practicing agriculture and a leading oligarchic rather than democratic, where power was held only a few families. Even so, Callatis the saw in a very short time success. Cereals and maritime trade were two of the sources that provided the city a wellspring of wealth.

A situation could not have flourished as not to attract neighbors envy.Throughout its history, the city was placed numerous times in the face of strong sieges. But who was to submit its Pontic allies with Macedonian domination, lasted five years, from 313 until 308 BC They became free from the death of King Lysimachus conqueror, in 281 BC A long siege was not so as not to put their mark on the settlement, but again, the city was rebuilt quickly, quickly going through the steps of material wealth and cultural.

Around 262 i.e.n. Tomis Fortress began. Frightened by the idea of ​​competition, the locals tried sabotaging construction, but experienced a resounding defeat of the Byzantine war fleet, came to help tomitanilor. Just like Phoenix, the city has returned shortly, keeping the head still for a while in the cities located on the shores of Black Sea, Pontus.

Romanian period that followed brought more prosperity to the city, now occupying the second position, after Tomis. Under the reign of Emperor Diocletian (284-305 AD) Constantine the Great (306-337 AD), then under Anastasius (491-518 AD) and Justinian (527-565 AD) , the city flourishes. I built new buildings, is created first bishop and resume trade. The two cities have full advantage of favorable business conditions from the Roman Empire created.

Cultural life in the city

Many residents of the city account free of material concerns were dedicated to the cause of spiritual ministry. At that time, the famous ancient geographer, Demetrios of Callatis developed a documented geographical work on Asia and Europe, contained in 20 books. This space inspired and playwright Istros of Callatis in writing a beautiful book about the tragedy. Another scholar originally from Callatis is Satyr, who lived in Egypt, where he wrote a book that was preserved in a fragment, “Life of Euripides.” History Laertiu Diogenes speaks in his writings about Heraclid philosopher (170-146 BC), a native of Callatis, who lived in Egypt at the court of King Ptolemy, during which he wrote six books about succession in time of philosophers about lembeutic reasoning.

The first coins minted here dates from around 300 BC, were made of silver and were represented on one side the head of Heracles, and the other, symbols of the city: quiver, bow, stand on end and ears of wheat. Later came bronze coins, which reproduce on the obverse images of the gods Dionysus, Apollo, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, and the reverse short city name, or Kala Kalla.

Mankalia

Avar invasion towards the end of the fifth century e.n. would finally put an end to one of the most beautiful and prosperous cities of Pontus Euxin. Powerful fortress settlement has become a simple port, which has kept for long look left.Mention of a map of Pisa, which dates from the twelfth century, as the settlement revive Pancalia Pangalia or equivalent in Byzantine Greek for “Callatis’ Greek classic, translated as” the beautiful “. Two centuries later, a French traveler, Walerand of Wawrin, mentions a port that you called Pangu built on the former cities Callatis. Commercial function of the port began to fade and the first mention of the settlement as the Mankalia is made in 1593 by Paolo Giorgi. Another seventeenth-century explorer, this time Turkish Evlia Celebi, speaks Mankalia as one of the largest ports in Dobrogea.

Intellectual bohemian refuge

Since then, the settlement went through several transformations, but not always the most happily. In the last century, the city was preferred by Romanian artists, who went bohemian life here in little houses and picturesque, which resonate in a space of tranquility, away from the hectic world. Manuela Cernat describes in the preface of the book “Mangalia in the pages of time” by Aurelia and Stefan Lapusan a small painting of the city after the Second World War:
“Paradoxically, in full Sovietization away from the capital, looking at the border, Mangalia still breathing and living in pre-war rate. In too brief respite to tightening the bolt, here regroup quickly banished artistic cream of Balchik. Tudoran Radu Brothers and Geo Bogza pictoritele Marcela and Florica Cordescu, Cezar Petrescu and Joseph Igirosianu novelists, actors and Radu Grigore Vasiliu Birlic Beligan, directors and Marietta Sadova Sica Alexandrescu, vocalist Stroici Manole, epigramistul Pastorel Teodoreanu and a lot of beautiful women and very elegant gave shine watch the cliff walk. ”

Callatis – card

It is the oldest city in Romania;
The area has been inhabited since prehistoric times, proof of being a Neolithic remains of material culture from Gumelnita;
The city is the only Doric colony on the shore of Pontus Euxin;
This papyrus was found only in Romania. Tomb of the papyrus was discovered in 1959, is dated in the fourth century BC Inside the tomb is built of cut stone blocks, being 1.5 meters below ground level. It is assumed that the buried here was a man of mind, and he was found near a papyrus written in Greek, first discovered in our country. There is controversy regarding this document, immediately after discovery disappeared. Due to very wet climate, the practice was abandoned very quickly scrolls the scribes of the time, they are replaced quickly scrolls much more resistant to moisture. Archaeologists feared what might happen to the papyrus, once uncovered, so they invited a Russian specialist to deal with taking it and decipher it, but once the document has made contact with light, shattered, and shattering the hopes of researchers decipher the message. But the scientist took the papyrus with him in Russia in an attempt to rehabilitate declared in the laboratory and to try decoding it, but then, no longer knows anything about this document. Some researchers have tried to learn something about the fate of papyrus and government through diplomatic channels, but their attempts were left unanswered. A Roman archaeologist has identified a history book printed in Russia a fragment of papyrus from Mangalia, which stated that it was saved, but has not been fully deciphered;
Both the inside walls of the fortress Callatis, and Roman ruins of the building can be seen near the coast town still Mangalia;
Former port city is currently covered by the sea. It was located in the south of the current port.
Some citizens were mercenaries royal Callatis in Egypt;
Under the arches of the basilica rang Callatis apparently Te Deum Laudamus first, composed of Nicetas Remesiana;
The city signed a peace treaty with Rome, currently considered the oldest known document in Latin in Eastern Europe;
In the first century AD, the city helped with money Callatis Rome;
The city is the first spa in our country, mesothermal sulfur baths are known since the time Burebista;
Under the Emperor Gordian (238-244), the first association worked Callatis hunters mentioned here, as is evident from an inscription on a marble slab, located at the Museum of Archeology in Constanta. Here were inscribed in Latin and Greek names of 43 members of the association amateur hunters, dated from III century BC;
Callatis originate from the famous scholars who lived in Hellenistic Egypt: Demetrios, Heracleides, Satyr, Istria, Thales;
Leontios Christian Byzantine scholar (485-542) was born in Zaldapa near Callatis.
The old Greek gymnasium in new profile sports, worked in the first century AD Callatis
Between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, was part of pashalic Mangalia Rumelia, the seat of judicial districts, called “accommodate”
Sultan Mosque is the oldest Esmahan cult Muslim Romania;
Occur in 1883, Mangalia, Triangle, Journal of masonry in Romania, with the help of Constantine M. Moroiu, Grand Master of the Grand National Lodge of Romania;
Mangalia is declared in 1899 the first sea and spa resort in Romania, after laboratory tests settled as its mineral waters are sulphurous, alkaline, slightly chlorosodic and iodine.

Mangalia their walls resting on one of the richest cultural heritage, which has a value and whose immense implications, realized, would bring added value to this settlement seems always beaten, both by the wind, waves and sun. The city rests on an archaeological treasure, but few know how to live the wonder of this place blessed by history, which was one of the first centers of civilization.

He remained famous speech recorded in history held by illustrious learned Nicolae Iorga, in honor of Mangalia city. Phrase, consisting of 120 words was read in a radio broadcast “in the dark tips”:
“It was later still, the view that shore of Dobrogea, which we know so little and not include only the illusion of silver in the picturesque Balchik and a poor Tatar-Turkish race that takes the wind today, I came to appreciate, of course not trivial and lust naval health resorts, ugly icon in our times lack of modesty, but in loneliness from Mangalia, beauty series that finished in frost easy charm of the backlight, which you looks a world away, chased by the boats lights capture fishermen who catch torches and spells the glimpse from the depths and especially the thing to remember is calling this morning, in fact even more cool day, the Luceafarul that rises vioriu sky suddenly in bed, and is an awakening to new life, you have to start the deep water for residents, as well as for those who, today, on the ruins of Hellenistic cities, leading only remnant of a civilization sad and vulgar that us until today I knew it live. ”

Sources: Discover world
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Cine este Constantin Voiniciuc, tanarul de 18 ani care va revolutiona medicina, castigator al premiului de 7.000 euro la Tech School

Constantin Voiniciuc (foto), tanarul in varsta de 18 ani din Botosani despre care Wall-Street.ro a mai scris in urma cu cateva luni, a castigat marele premiu la concursul de robotica, inginerie si proiectare TechSchool organizat de catre UPC.

Valoarea totala a premiilor, pe care UPC, oganizatorul evenimentului o va oferi celor patru castigatori ai concursului se ridica la 18.000 de euro, bani cu ajutorul carora norocosii vor avea posibilitatea sa isi dezvolte inventiile si sa le perfectioneze.

Proiectul tanarului din Botosani care a luat marele premiu in valoare de 7.000 de euro este denumit „Robo Hand” si reprezinta o mana robotica / bionica ce poate fi utilizata cu succes in industria chimica sau medicala.

Prin amplificarea fortei si controlului mainii robotice, Constantin poate determina transformari la nivelul chirurgiei romanesti, mana robotica putand fi un prototip utilizat pe scara larga in operatiile de extrema precizie si in domeniul telemedicinei in interventiile de la distanta.

Bugetul de 7.000 de euro pe care l-a castigat il va ajuta pe Constantin Voiniciuc sa dezvolte si sa implementeze o versiune avansata a prototipului la care lucreaza deja din timpul competitiei.

“Cu ajutorul unor senzori amplasati la nivelul unei manusi, conectati prin intermediul unui cablu de date, sunt trimise comenzile la mana robotica, prin care se actioneaza dispozitivul. Utilitatea poate varia de la mediul chimic unde se lucreaza cu substante toxice sau corozive pana la cel medical sau militar”, spunea tanarul intr-un interviu exclusiv Wall-Street.ro.

Pentru dezvoltarea proiectului, Constantin Voiniciuc preciza ca i-au fost necesari circa 2.000 de lei, cel mai mult lucrand la partea mecanica – un obstacol “unde multi s-au incurcat si au abandonat”, spune el.

Mana robotica nu este insa sigurul proiect la care lucreaza tanarul din Botosani. El este preocupat de mai multe aparate de zbor si alte mecanisme conexe. Pasiunea pentru robotica a descoperit-o la varsta de 10 ani, cand a inceput sa participe la diferite concursuri de specialitate, a urmat o documentare pe internet pentru nenumaratele proiecte in care a fost angrenat. O mare parte din pricepere o datoreaza profesorului sau de la Palatul Copiilor din Botosani.

Pentru ca isi doreste sa urmeze studii de profil si dupa terminarea studiilor, Constantin Voiniciuc ia in calcul posibilitatea de a studia in tara, la Bucuresti sau de a gasi oportunitati de dezvoltare si in strainatate.

“M-ar interesa o specializare in domeniul roboticii sau electronicii si exista cateva oportunitati pentru dezvoltare in strainatate. In orice caz, as vrea sa ma intorc in tara, unde sa pot pune in aplicare cele invatate. Ma vad peste ani lucrand in cercetare, sa usurez cat mai mult viata si activitatea oamenilor din jurul meu”, a mai spus castigatorul marelui premiu pentru Wall-Street.ro.

  Locurile 2, 3 si 4 – premii totale de 11.000 de euro

Printre ceilalti castigatori ai concursului de robotica organizat de UPC se numara si Costin Costea(foto dreapta – 5.000 de euro), elev in clasa a 10-a in Slobozia,creatorul tricoului de la care iti poti incarca telefonul mobil, cu care Wall-Street.ro a avut ocazia sa stea de vorba in toamna anului trecut.

Costin are in plan sa devina unul din promotorii, in Romania, ai tendintei globale de tehnologie ce interactioneaza cu imbracamintea oamenilor.

Pe locul trei s-a clasat Florin Gheorghe, elev in clasa a 12-a in Ploiesti care a creat aplicatia iGrammar care realizeaza automat online analize de sintaxa si de corectitudine a topicii. El planuieste sa utilizeze grant-ul de 3.000 euro pentru adezvolta o suita de aplicatii pentru PC-uri si dispozitive mobile in domeniul gramaticii si vocabularului, domeniu ce a cunoscut un declin in ultimii ani in Romania.

Ideea de a creea un observator mobil pentru copiii din localitati ce nu beneficiaza de observatoare astronomice i-a adus lui Miriam Buzgau premiul special Tech School, la categoria astronomie. Miriam a castigat o participare la tabara de vara organizata de Kennedy Space Center – centrul educational al NASA, premiu care valoreaza aproximativ 3.000 de euro.

Ea va avea astfel oportunitatea sa cunoasca cele mai noi si importante tehnologii digitale in domeniul intelegerii astronomiei pentru generatiile actuale.

Competitia de proiecte din cadrul programului educational Tech School a beneficiat de un juriu international in cadrul caruia au analizat fezabilitatea si ingeniozitatea proiectelor oameni de stiinta romani, mentori in cadrul programului, precum Adrian Stoica – Advanced Robotics Research la NASA/JPL, Aurora Simionescu – Einstein Fellowship Research, Stanford/NASA, Adrian Buzatu – cercetator in cadrul proiectului Atlas la CERN, Catalin Buliga – CTO al UPC Romania si Alin Jderu, multiplu premiat in cadrul concursurilor internationale de robotica.

In cadrul programului, peste 220.000 de pasionati de tehnologie au interactionat pe platforma online in primele 6 luni de la lansare. In jurul celor 3 domenii de tehnologie s-a format o comunitate activa de 3.700utilizatori si promotori ai Tech School care au generat peste 530 de proiecte.

Tinerii au acces in continuare pe TechSchool.ro la stiri, tutoriale, materiale video si interviuri din aria celor mai noi tehnologii.

Autor Patrick Vrabie,

Sursa: wall street

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